In an excellent post trying to provide a model for the current e-book market in historical terms, Bruce McFarling suggests that e-books have currently re-invented the dime novel: a publishing unit of a single story, typically of the length that we in the sf world would call a novella (17,500 to 40,000 words). He goes on to suggest that what we need is to reinvent the successor to the dime novel: the pulps.

Tobias Buckell takes issue with this, but I think he’s missed the point. The key feature of the pulps (and McFarling does say this, although he mixes in other issues as well) is not that pulps ran serials. What pulps had was an editor, who provided additional content that fit in well with the anchor story.

The anchor story of a pulp magazine was typically a novella length work very similar to what might have appeared in a dime novel. It was usually by a big-name writer—someone whose name on the cover would drive newsstand sales. And if that’s all it had, it would basically just be a dime novel. But an issue of a pulp had more.

Along with the anchor story, the editor would run three to six short stories, some of which would be by writers who were not big names. They would be the sort of stories that, in today’s e-book market, would sell in single-digit quantities, unless someone with some stature recommended them—which is what the pulp editor was doing by putting them in a magazine with an anchor story. The editor was telling his readers, “Hey—if you like this sort of thing, you’ll probably some of these sorts of things too.”

This was a huge change and a big win for everybody. It meant that new writers had a much better shot at reaching new readers. It also meant that readers had a chance to find new writers whose work they would like. And it did those things at very low cost. The reader paid nothing extra (an issue of a pulp also cost a dime), they got their anchor story, and they got a few extra short stories essentially for free. The extra content was also pretty cheap for the magazine, as the editor didn’t have to pay nearly as much for the short stories by the new writers as he did for the novella by the big-name writer, and each extra name on the cover had some chance of attracting some additional newsstand sales, as those writers made their way from being new to being big names in their own right.

This won’t be easy. One problem is that e-books don’t make as good a format to provide this extra content. It’s very different from a magazine where you can quickly turn to and then read the anchor story you bought it for—and then have the issue as a physical object setting around for a while, giving you any number of chances to pick it up and give some of those other stories  a try.

Maybe if the anchor story is right up front, where the buyer doesn’t have to skip over anything to get to it, then extra stories right after it have a shot at getting read. (Doing it the other way around seems like a terrible idea—does anybody skip over stuff in an e-book and then go back later and read it?)

Of course Toby is right that we don’t need something to be “like” historical forms—they already exist. The e-book is its own thing and people will find their uses for it. But I hope that McFarling’s larger point is well taken by all the smart people working on writing, editing, designing, publishing, and selling e-books. A way to create for e-books something like the value-add that pulps created when they published a longer work by a big-name author together with a few shorter works by new writers that readers would probably like would be a huge win for everybody: readers find new writers that they like (cheap or even for free), writers find new readers—and they (and editors) get paid.

By the way, I discovered along the way to writing this that Stanford has an extensive collection of dime novels available as pdfs.

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3 thoughts on “The win of pulp (for e-books)

  1. {Added a link back to this piece in the original post, as well as in the “tip jar” comment of the Daily Kos repost going live in a few minutes.}

    Yes, what the pulps add to the Dime Novels, especially those based on repeated character developed out of the Story Papers, is the going concern that is both soliciting the lead story and adding content to the lead story.

    Indeed, the existence of enough going concerns along those lines would thicken the market for freelance editing and copy-editing and illustration artists, which would in turn be to the benefit of those putting out the project at a kind book that Tobias Buckell describes in his extension to his original post.

    As far as publication format ~ yes, the lead story at the head, and the additional content following, with the chapters in the ebook file content spine being appropriate distinct breaks of the lead story and then the additional content each as an additional chapter sounds about right. Full color cover illustration and additional story illustration as seems appropriate.

    As far as not having the publication lurking around ~ there may be more of that than appears at first glance. There are those people who rather read on their ebook readers than fill them with content, who fill their devices with a batch of content and then look for more when its finished. There are library borrowed ebooks, where a 14 day return limit for a novela that takes one to four days to read generates some natural “lay around” time before the clock expires and its due back. There are people who rely on ebook readers to fill time they are away from WiFi, where having a short story’s worth of time before getting back to WiFi may well not be unusual. Those are just off the top of my head from my own personal experience.

    One issue I did not address except tangentially in the comments of the original piece is the social media structure, where a community website with multiple monthly and quarterly serials running would be one way to address one stress point, which is that the content generation pace for maintaining a “sticky” website is several ticks faster than the content generation pace for an effective ongoing serial. The type of sweat equity cooperative organization I described at the end of the piece would be much less likely to successfully launch if the attempt was to run it as a weekly.

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